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Interesting places

City in the region of Ayacucho

Vilcashuamán or Vilcasguaman is the capital of Vilcas Huamán Province, Ayacucho Region, Peru. It is located at an altitude of 3490 m on the eastern slopes of the Andes. It is located on an ancient archaeological site.

In less than 100 years, the Incas took over a vast empire in which they left scattered, throughout Peru, beautiful architectural works that we are lucky enough to be able to explore to this day. One of these places is Vilcashuamán, the main Inca archaeological complex that you can find in Ayacucho, in southern Peru. So that you can see that the Inca empire goes beyond Cusco, here we tell you the incredible history of Vilcashuamán and everything you need to know to visit this citadel.

Huari or Wari is an archaeological site located near the town of Quinua, 22 km northeast of the city of Ayacucho, in the Ayacucho Region, Peru at an elevation between 2600 and 2900 meters. It was the capital city of the Huari Empire and one of the largest urban settlements in ancient Peru.

Piki Mach’ay (or Pikimachay) is an archaeological site in the Ayacucho Valley of Peru. Radiocarbon dates from this cave giving human presence ranging from 22,200 to 14,700 years ago, but this evidence has been disputed and a more conservative date of 12,000 BC seems possible.

In the era of the Spanish American wars of independence, Huanta remained loyal to the Spanish monarch Ferdinand VII and the viceroy of Peru designated it the “Loyal and Invincible Villa of Huanta”, a source of pride for the residents. Huanta and the province was the site of a major rebellion (1825–28) against the newly formed Peruvian state. The Huanta Rebellion, characterized as a monarchist rebellion, brought together different ethnic and occupational groups in complex interactions. The peasants of Huanta were originally monarchist rebels and were transformed into liberal guerrillas. Although the rebels were largely illiterate and considered passive and reactionary, recent research argues that they had a clear vision of national politics. The Huanta rebellion was defeated militarily, but the local leaders did not suffer the severe repression that characterized earlier rebellions, most notably the Rebellion of Túpac Amaru II.

Quinua is a small town in Quinua District in the province of Huamanga, in Peru’s central highland department of Ayacucho, 37 km from the city of Huamanga, at an altitude of 3,300 meters, which today serves as the administrative capital of the district of the same name.

It bears its name due to the queñua, a typical tree that abounds in the area. The Pueblo de la Quinua is an Andean town of skilled craftsmen, authors of the famous Ayacucho altarpieces ‘Retablos Ayacuchanos’, considered a national emblem.

Elevation3,300 m